Hypertension does not usually cause any noticeable symptoms. When it does, you might experience dizziness, shortness of breath, headaches, and nosebleeds, which could indicate that your blood pressure is high. Complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure can occur if long-term hypertension is not adequately treated. A hypertensive emergency, which is an uncommon and dangerous event, may cause blurry vision, nausea, chest pain and anxiety.
Overall, the vast majority of people who have hypertension, which is described as chronically high blood pressure (>130 mm Hg or diastolic pressure >80 mm Hg), do not experience any symptoms of the condition. It is usually diagnosed in the healthcare provider’s office with a simple blood pressure measurement using a blood pressure cuff.
When to go for a blood pressure test
1.Recurrent headaches: Headaches are fairly common among people with or without hypertension. Some people with hypertension notice changes or worsening of headaches when medications are skipped or when the blood pressure becomes higher than usual. Headaches associated with hypertension can be mild, moderate, or severe3 and can be of a throbbing nature.
2.Dizziness: People with hypertension may notice dizziness in relation to medication doses and blood pressure fluctuations.
3.Shortness of breath: Hypertension can cause shortness of breath as a result of the effect on the heart and lung function.4 Shortness of breath is more noticeable with physical exertion or exercise.
4.Nosebleed: You may be more prone to nosebleeds if you have hypertension, although, in general, nosebleeds are not a classic sign of high blood pressure.
5.Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite: Nausea associated with severe hypertension can develop suddenly and may be associated with dizziness.
It is important to go to your regular check-ups with your healthcare provider. Hypertension is a common condition and, if caught, can be treated with medication to prevent complications.